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You will carry out a minimum of 45 hours' flight training including solo flights, navigation exercises and one 150 NM solo qualifying cross county flight which incorporates a landing at two different airfields.
There are nine written (multiple choice) exams:
* = Required before first solo flight
** = Required before first solo cross country
We are able to supply all books and equipment required for the PPL course through our shop.
Preparation for the exams is all self-study, but we can provide ground school if you need assistance with a particular subject. Most problems are often overcome with a cup of tea and a briefing both before and after your lesson!
Training for a LAPL (Light Aircraft Pilot's Licence) has similar requirements to the EASA PPL, except the flight training time needed is a minimum of 30 hours with a shorter (100 NM) solo qualifying cross country flight.
The LAPL is not a licence recognised outside Europe. Other restrictions are that flights can only go ahead in good weather (known as VFR) and with no more than 3 passengers, plus a maximum aircraft weight of 2000Kgs.
The LAPL course comprises:
We are able to supply all books and equipment required for the LAPL course through our shop.
As with the PPL, preparation for the exams is all self-study but we can provide ground school if you need extra assistance with a particular subject.
Single Engine Piston - i.e. an aircraft that has one piston engine.
PPL and LAPL
licenses entitle a pilot to fly most SEPs, although the LAPL has an aircraft mass
restriction. All our aircraft are within the SEP category.
Some very high performance SEPs require a type rating.
You can start logging flight time from the age of 14, and are allowed to fly solo at the age of 16. This means that with a dedicated student, it is possible to achieve your licence on your 17th birthday!
We do have young students and can tailor a pre-planned training schedule to accommodate term-time/exams etc.
They are both SEP class aircraft, and we use both for training.
Number of seats
Fuel tanks, in wings
2, both feed into one
99 litres, 93 litres useable
flat 4 air cooled, 110 hp
electric, 3 stages
There is no real answer to this question - just as learning
to drive, we all have different skills, attitudes and time, not to mention
The majority of dedicated students will successfully
complete their licence in the allocated time.
The more time you can allocate, the less you will forget
between lessons. A positive attitude to the training will help enormously - which
may include practicing checks etc. in your own armchair!
If you flew on average once a week, you should be able to
complete your training in under a year. As you progress, lesson length will start at
about an hour but will increase as the course progresses. Your Qualifying Cross
Country flight will be about 3 hours.
However, we are dedicated to help you achieve your dreams
in the least possible time.
Yes you can, as Redhill has eight runways!
Six of them are grass and when weather conditions
preclude their use, we can also use the tarmac runways. (These are
restricted for use only when the grass runways are waterlogged).
If you wish to carry a passenger(s), you must have
completed 3 take-off and landings in the type or class of aeroplane as handling
pilot within the last 90 days.
If you have not met this requirement, recent rule changes allow you to fly with another pilot (who
is licensed to fly the same type or class) by mutual agreement.
Once you have your licence, it is current for two years. You have to fly at least 12 hours in the second year of your licence if you have a PPL, or 6 hours per year for a LAPL. 50% of this time is required to be P1.
During the second year, a minimum of one hour flight with an instructor is required for both licences.
Before the licence expires either the examiner (or under certain circumstances, the instructor) must update your licence and complete the appropriate CAA paperwork. This can be done within the last 45 days of the licence validity period. The licence CANNOT be retrospectively completed.
Multi Engine Piston - i.e. an aircraft that has two or more piston engines.
MEPs mostly have engines mounted on the wings, although the Cessna 337 has one front and one at the back of the fuselage and the B-N Tri-Islander has a third on the tail section.
The Piper PA34 Seneca is a MEP.
An MEP rating requires renewing every 12 months.
If you do not complete your hours’ requirement, we can
arrange another skills test for you.
If you have left it too long, a modicum of
training may be required. If your licence has expired by less than 3 years, our
examiner can revalidate it immediately, but more than this you would have to take
your licence to the CAA. Expiry of more than 5 years will also include navigation within
Recent changes allow certain instructors to sign your licence, examiners also remain as signatories.
Be aware that even if you have completed the flying requirements, if you forget
to get it signed, it cannot be backdated.
We are probably unique in the UK for an airfield with grass
runways as Redhill has a full Air Traffic Control service.
The 4 controllers work shifts to help keep us all safe.
Getting accustomed to an Air Traffic Control environment early on in training is a great bonus for students.
Aerodrome Terminal Information Service.
At Redhill this is transmitted on 125.3 MHz and is updated
at 20 and 50 minutes past each hour, or if a significant change of weather or
airfield information is required. Other airfields will have different
frequencies for their ATIS, but not all aerodromes provide this service.
It is important to know that ATC at Redhill expect pilots to obtain this information
before “booking out” or requesting joining instructions.
Pilots Operating Handbook. This is a comprehensive publication detailing all the
procedures required to safely operate the aeroplane. It is very similar to a
car’s handbook, but all men please
note: it is one set of instructions that you must read!!!
The book is divided into various sections which include how
all aspects of the aircraft work, checklists, aircraft performance etc. We will
guide you through as part of your training.
VFR (Visual Flight Rules) are the rules or laws set
out in the Air Navigation Order to which pilots must obey, similar to the
Highway Code for drivers.
At Redhill (which is in Class D airspace) for a fixed wing
pilot to fly, the visibility from the ground must be at least 5000m. You must
also be able to avoid flying in cloud.
Outside Redhill’s ATZ, a PPL can fly in
Class G airspace in a minimum of 3000m visibility. This can be reduced still further if the pilot has trained
for additional ratings and are stated on their licence.
Part of an aircraft’s maintenance schedule is the first
check of the day. This is to ensure that it is airworthy - i.e. fit to fly.
This check includes checking internally, externally, oil
level, fuel quantity and a sample of the fuel to ensure it is not contaminated.
The picture below shows a sampler with water at the bottom of the tube - water is
heavier than fuel. The blue stained petrol is from a fuel tank, the water from
a tap (for demonstration purposes)! The fuel is coloured blue to identify it as Avgas and also to make it easier to
check for water.
The aircraft's Tech. Log must be signed by whoever checks
it. Remember, any flight may be considered as not insured if the Tech. Log is not so signed.
allocated squawk of 3767 is a “conspicuity code”, this means that the code is
easily seen on adjacent radar controllers’ screens. From this information, the
radar controller will know that Redhill is controlling that aircraft.
It is important to realise that the pilot is NOT receiving any form of ATC service derived from a radar source.
Many units will have a conspicuity code e.g London
Information also allocate a code (1177) but no radar service is provided.
Several reasons. Firstly, for safety, checklists should be followed in order
that essential items are not missed.
Secondly, aircraft manufacturers have specific checklists
due to different systems.
If you fly more complex aircraft, or if you fly many different types, you would not be able remember all the checks required.
However, certain stages of flight, for example downwind & FREDA checks are memory items and need to be learned as soon as possible. Some
of these can be found in “Downloads” under the training tab of this website.
We can provide aircraft-specific checklists.
The QNH is a pressure setting which is set on the altimeter and indicates the “altitude” above MSL (Mean Sea Level).
Below certain altitudes, pilots should set QNH to provide a common reference to other aircraft and importantly around Gatwick and other airports, it indicates the base of controlled airspace.
If you land with QNH set at Redhill, the altimeter will indicate about 220’, which is Redhill's altitude above Mean Sea Level.
Some pilots prefer to use "QFE" which indicates zero when on the ground, but this is longer encouraged or used very much. If used, QFE is referred to as a “height” for clarification.
QNH and QFE are set on the altimeters subscale in hectopascals, when the pressure is below 1000hPa, the word hectopascals shall be included in a transmission. American pilots still use inches of Mercury and many altimeters will display both scales.
The other pressure setting is called a “Flight Level”. This is normally set above 3000’ QNH, but around London this is 6000’. A setting of 1013.2hPa is used as a common reference. When reporting your "level", the last two numbers are not stated - for example an altimeter showing 6500' with 1013.2 is stated as "Flight Level 65".
When using the NATS Briefing Service, unless you type in recognised waypoints, the system will not allow any further progress. The following are acceptable: